SIMPLE ENGLISH GRAMMAR

3 / 4 Of English

This manual provides an overview of common English sentence structures. The manual differs from traditional books on English grammar by providing formal descriptions that will enable a student of English to generate correctly formed sentences easily. Persons studying English as a second language (ESL) or those who would like to use English language interfaces in computer-based applications will find this approach particularly useful because it avoids the ambiguities encountered in traditional English grammars. The description uses the notation below.

3 Three Basics and 4 four skills

3 Three Basics :                         4 Four Skills :

1. Part Of speech ( Jenis –Jenis Kata )                        1. Listening (Mendengarkan)
2. Tenses ( Bentuk waktu )                                         2. Speaking (Berbicara)
3. Sentences ( kalimat-kalimat )                                 3. Writing (Menulis)
                                                                                4. Reading (Membaca)

1. Part Of Speech it’s consist of :

    a. Pronoun ( Kata ganti )                                   f. Adverb ( kata keterangan )
    b. Noun ( Kata Benda )                                    g. Conjunction ( kata penghubung )
    c. Verb ( Kata kerja )                                       h. Preposition ( kata depan )
    d. Adjective ( kata sifat )                                   i. Interjection ( kata seru )
    e. An Article ( kata sandang )

2. Tenses it’s consist of :

    a. Simple Present tense                                    i. Simple Future Tense
    b. present continuous tense                               j. Future Continuous Tense
    c. present perfect tense                                    k. Future Perfect tense
    d. present perfect continuous                             l. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
    e. Simple past tense                                       m. Past Future tense
    f. past continuous tense                                   n. Past Future Continuous tense
    g. past perfect tense                                        o. Past Future Perfect Tense
    h. past perfect continuous tense                       p. Past Future Perfect Continuous

3. Sentences, It’s consist of :

 
* Types of Sentences by Structure
Those four categories apply to normal, grammatical sentences. However, some of our most common expressions are sentences that don’t follow the rules — see Major and Minor Sentences.
Note: obsessive syntacticians (is there any other kind?) have also named more specific types of sentences, which I’ll address when I start learning about the finer points of writing style.

* Types of Sentences by Purpose

FOUR SKILLS :