Parts of Speech TableThis is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech.
|part of speech||function or "job"||example words||example sentences|
|Verb||action or state||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must||EnglishClub.com is a web site. I like EnglishClub.com.|
|Noun||thing or person||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John||This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.|
|Adjective||describes a noun||a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting||I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.|
|Adverb||describes a verb, adjective or adverb||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really||My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.|
|Pronoun||replaces a noun||I, you, he, she, some||Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.|
|Preposition||links a noun to another word||to, at, after, on, but||We went to school on Monday.|
|Conjunction||joins clauses or sentences or words||and, but, when||I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.|
|Interjection||short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well||Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.|
- Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:
- Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
- Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)
- Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives
Parts of Speech ExamplesHere are some sentences made with different English parts of speech:
Words with More than One JobMany words in English can have more than one job, or be more than one part of speech. For example, "work" can be a verb and a noun; "but" can be a conjunction and a preposition; "well" can be an adjective, an adverb and an interjection. In addition, many nouns can act as adjectives.
To analyze the part of speech, ask yourself: "What job is this word doing in this sentence?"
In the table below you can see a few examples. Of course, there are more, even for some of the words in the table. In fact, if you look in a good dictionary you will see that the word "but" has six jobs to do:
- verb, noun, adverb, pronoun, preposition and conjuction!
|word||part of speech||example|
|work||noun||My work is easy.|
|verb||I work in London.|
|but||conjunction||John came but Mary didn't come.|
|preposition||Everyone came but Mary.|
|well||adjective||Are you well?|
|adverb||She speaks well.|
|interjection||Well! That's expensive!|
|afternoon||noun||We ate in the afternoon.|
|noun acting as adjective||We had afternoon tea.|