Present Continuous Tense

UNIT II
PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
(Bentuk sekarang sedang berlangsung)
A.    Penggunaan
  1. Untuk menyatakan peristiwa suatu perbuatan yang sedang berlangsung atau sedang dikerjakan sekarang atau pada saat kita sedang bicara (at the time of speaking).
  2. Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang bersifat sementara
B.     Keterangan waktu
Keterangan waktu yang biasa digunakan :
-          now                                         -     look
-          at present                                 -     today
-          at this moment                                    -     this (holiday, weekend, year, …)
-          still
C.    Susunan kalimat
  1. Positive (+) Subject + be I + Verb-ing
Subject
be 1
Verb I + ing
Object
I
am
writing
a story
You
We
They
are
buying
cleaning
playing
a shirt
the room
tennis
He
She
It
is
going
giving
swimming
to school
a present
very fast
  1. Negative (-)
(-) Subject + be 1 + not + V ing
Subject
be 1
not
Verb I + ing
Object
I
am
not
writing
a story
You
We
They
are
buying
cleaning
playing
a shirt
the room
tennis
He
She
It
is
going
giving
swimming
to school
a present
very fast
  1. Interrogative (?)
(?) Be 1 + Subject + Verb-ing
Be 1
Subject
Verb I + ing
Object
Am
I
writing
a story
Are
You
We
They
buying
cleaning
playing
a shirt
the room
tennis
Is
He
She
It
going
giving
swimming
to school
a present
very fast

Present Continuous Tense

I am singing
We often use the present continuous tense in English. It is very different from the simple present tense, both in structure and in use.
In this lesson we look at the structure and use of the present continuous tense, followed by a quiz to check your understanding:
  • Structure: how do we make the present continuous tense?

  • Use: when and why do we use the present continuous tense?

  • Spelling: how do we spell verbs with -ing for the present continuous tense?

Continuous tenses are also called progressive tenses. So the present progressive tense is the same as the present continuous tense.

When we talk about events that are actually happening now, we use the present continuous tense. This is formed by using the stem of the verb and adding -ing to the end, for example the verb "work" becomes "working". In some cases you need to alter the spelling a bit for example the verb "die" becomes "dying".
Statements
+
Statements
-
Questions Short answer
+
Short answer
-
I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working? Yes, I am. No, I'm not.
He's working. He isn't working. Is he working? Yes, he is. No, he isn't.
She's working. She isn't working. Is she working? Yes, she is. No, she isn't.
It's working. It isn't working. Is it working? Yes, it is. No, it isn't.
You're working. You aren'tt working. Are you working? Yes you are. No, you aren't.
We're working. We aren't working. Are we working? Yes we are. No, we aren't.
They're working. They aren't working. Are they working? Yes they are. No, they aren't.

Present Continuous Timeline

For example:
Q) "What are you doing?" A) "I'm building a website."
We also use the present continuous tense to talk about things that are happening around now but are temporary.
For example:
Q) "What are you doing these days?" A) "Unfortunately I'm working a lot."
It is also used to describe trends or situations that are happening but may be temporary.
For example:
"Nowadays more and more people are shopping on the Internet."
...and habitual actions (usually negative).
For example:
"He's always cleaning his car."
The present continuous tense can also be used to discuss future events:
Note:-
The present continuous is usually used with doing verbs (verbs of action) not with verbs of state. The following verbs are not used in the continuous form:-
Conditions: belong, cost, need, own, seem
Feelings: like, love, hate, want, wish
Beliefs: believe, feel, know, mean, remember, think, understand

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